Many disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Unfortunately, we know very little about the human body and its needs for those substances that are vital. I hope this article on what is gamma-aminobutyric acid, and why it is needed, will help you to recognize the "signals" of the organism and prevent the development of diseases.
Central and peripheral nervous system carry their action through special structures - neurotransmitters. They can cause both excitation and inhibition in the CNS; divided into 3 group: amino acids, and catecholamines peptides. The most common are the representatives of adrenaline and noradrenaline, gamma-aminobutyric acid, Glycine, dopamine, serotonin, glutamate, acetylcholine.
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) - is one of the most essential cerebral neurotransmitters. It is a chemical substance present in the human body and is one of essential amino acids which are unable to synthesize protein molecules.
The value of the gamma-aminobutyric acid in the body is very large. It performs important functions:
- mediator function. It has hypotensive, sedative, antispasmodic action. Furthermore, stimulation promotes sleep, regulates motor activity and improves memory and thinking processes.
- Metabolic function. Improves metabolic processes in the brain and blood flow, nerve cells provides energy. Due to the gamma-aminobutyric acid, it is carried out one of the major effects - anti-hypoxic (oxygen starvation avoidance). Also, due to the removal of metabolic function of the body's metabolic products and the impact on the stimulation of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary.
The spectrum of action of gamma-aminobutyric acid. Sources of
As one of the most important components of blood and brain tissue, GABA improves the blood supply to the brain, activates energy processes, improves the respiratory activity of tissues, accelerates glucose utilization and disposal of toxic products of metabolism, has a mild psychostimulant, anti-hypoxic and anticonvulsant effect. As a result, improving the dynamics of neural processes in the brain, increasing the productivity of thinking, memory.
The mediator helps restore speech and motor functions after a cerebrovascular accident (stroke), has a mild hypotensive action, normalizes high blood pressure and eliminates the symptoms (dizziness / pain, insomnia).
With a lack of natural reserves of gamma-aminobutyric acid, it is necessary to obtain from other sources. GABA is present in some plant products (coffee and tea leaves, filamentous fungi, as well as the kind of juice of cruciferous plant). Besides, it is obtained by chemical means using microbiological methods using human bacteria, such as E. coli. One of the most common drugs as replacement therapy - dietary supplement GABA.
The application spectrum of gamma-aminobutyric acid is wide enough: epilepsy, cerebral vascular lesions (atherosclerosis, hypertension, consequences of stroke and craniocerebral trauma), cerebrovascular insufficiency and dyscirculatory encephalopathy, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, memory impairment, attention, speech, dizziness, headache, alcoholic encephalopathy and polyneuritis , mental retardation in children, dementia, cerebral palsy, endogenous depression with prevalence of asthenoepochondrial phenomena and difficulty of mental activity, kinetosis (marine I and air sickness).
In patients with diabetes mellitus GABA lowers blood glucose levels.
Thus, for the treatment / prevention of the above described symptoms and diagnoses require replenishment drug gamma-aminobutyric acid.
Side effects of GABA are positive:
- improving the quality of sleep;
- increased libido;
- increase the level of growth hormone;
- burning fat and getting relief*.
*In bodybuilding GABA It is used because it can stimulate the anterior pituitary, which produces growth hormone. Growth hormone, in turn, has a strong anabolic and fat-burning effect.
Other side effects of GABA are also weak tingling in the face and neck, changes in heart rate and breathing. However, they are not health hazards typically occur at a dose higher 4 g per day and tested after several days of admission.
Medicines containing GABA, are contraindicated for children up to 1 years, pregnant women in the first trimester (you must consult your doctor), as well as increased sensitivity to the main or auxiliary substances and acute renal failure.